|17th March |
Selling sex legally in New Zealand
See article from news.bbc.co.uk
|19th March |
Commercial sex survives in South Korea despite crackdown
Business is slower than before, partly because of the bad economy but also, according to government officials, due to the Anti-Sex Trafficking Law, which was enacted five years ago amid great fanfare.
However, except for cosmetic changes, the
lucrative sex trade is still very much around, experts say. The only difference is that since the law was enforced, the sex trade has evolved.
More visible outlets such as the one in Yeongdeungpo have taken the brunt of the law as have the once
notorious neighborhoods of northern Seoul's Cheongnyangni and Mia-ri Texas, which are both scheduled for urban redevelopment.
A tell-tale sign that business was, if not booming, reasonably healthy came earlier this month when the Seoul
Metropolitan Police Agency announced it would transfer hundreds of police officers in southern Seoul. The move has been widely interpreted as an effort to sever ties between the police and entertainment establishments offering sex services.
Nowadays, adding to the sex-for-cash businesses, hyugae-tel (resting rooms), where customers can call up sex workers and then later join them at another venue, are expanding rapidly, while commercial sex offered online, which is harder to track, is also growing.
Still, government officials say the implementation of the law from five years ago has helped significantly reduce the scale of the sex industry.
If you look at the numbers, coming down from a 24 trillion won industry to a 14 trillion
won one is a step forward, said Cho Sin-suk, an official at the Ministry of Gender Equality. According to ministry estimates, there were 269,000 active sex workers in Korea in 2007, a decline from 320,000 five years earlier.
To try to curb
prostitution, Korea introduced a special law in 2007 that gave the authorities the power to deny the issuance or renewal of passports to men who had a track record of purchasing sex.
In addition, the Ministry of Justice is running an education
and awareness program for men who have been prosecuted for buying sex. Last year, 17,956 men took part in the program.
One of the problems facing the police is that it is very difficult to prosecute an individual for buying sex services because
of the lack of evidence, a point highlighted by an Asia Foundation study in 2006: It has become a new trend in the sex industry to use other body parts [hands] to perform sexual service without having intercourse. Up to now, the Korean courts have
made different decisions on whether to regard this as sex trade or not, the study said.
A police officer who declined to be named admitted that the current focus of all crackdowns is geared toward the better known red-light districts as a
successful campaign is more visible to the public.
We have limited resources and there is only so much you can do, said the officer: We know that when we close the red-light districts these women will just use another venue. There is no
The numbers seem to reflect the reality. In 2003, the number of men arrested for buying sex services stood at 12,737 but that number is expected to reach 40,000 this year.
Eradicating one of the oldest trades is
perhaps a Sisyphean challenge for the government and law enforcement agencies, a task made doubly difficult by the ingrained attitude among many men that commercial sex is not wrong.
Three years ago, in a survey of 448 males by the Korean
Institute of Criminology 58.5% said they had experienced buying sex at least once. In recent surveys conducted by the Ministry of Gender Equality that number still hovers around the 50% mark.
You can't put a plug on sexual desire. People who
look like they never would buy sex suddenly go wild once they get some alcohol in their system, said a salon-owner: This is almost a recession-proof business.
|3rd September |
Examination of legalised sex work in the New Zealand town of Tauranga
See article from bayofplentytimes.co.nz
|10th September |
But there's no need of the trafficked 40,000 that supposedly follow international events
See article from
|18th February |
A bill is introduced to Auckland Council that will ban street prostitution
See article from nzherald.co.nz
A bill that will allow Auckland Council to ban street prostitution in specific places is to be considered by the local government select committee.
Other city councils including Christchurch are expected to show interest and may seek to have the
same powers applied generally.
An earlier 2005 bill, relating to Manukau City Council, was voted down in 2006 after it emerged from strongly divided select committee hearings.
Auckland Council has told the local government select committee
it wants to take over the bill, and its jurisdiction is greater Auckland.
New Zealand parliament buts an end to Auckland's attempt to ban street prostitution
||7th December 2014 |
See article from
A law that would have allowed Auckland authorities to ban prostitution in specified places has been scrapped by a New Zealand parliamentary select committee. Instead, councils have been urged to look at other ways to control street prostitutes, such as
using bylaws controlling hawkers . In recommending the local bill not pass, the committee said:
We consider, however, that the matters covered by the bill are not appropriate for a local bill because the problem
the bill seeks to address is not unique to the area covered by the bill.
It would also affect the rights of the public in that it would impose constraints on the activities that can occur in specified areas within the Auckland
district. Those activities are not specifically prohibited in any other parts of the country.
Many complaints about street-based prostitution relate to noise, littering, slow-moving motor vehicles (kerb-crawling) and disorderly
behaviour. These kinds of behaviour can be dealt with by bylaws already in existence.
The committee said the bill would have challenged the legal meaning of the Prostitution Reform Act, which decriminalised prostitution and among
other things safeguarded the human rights of sex workers.
||22nd August 2015 |
The New Zealand experience of decriminalised sex work offers a practical alternative to the often-cited Swedish Model. Might it point to a more general way forward? By Fraser Crichton
article from opendemocracy.net