By Eran Shor and Kimberly Seida of Montreal's McGill University
It is a common notion among many scholars and pundits that the pornography industry becomes harder and harder with every passing year. Some have suggested that porn viewers, who are mostly men, become desensitized to soft pornography, and
producers are happy to generate videos that are more hard core, resulting in a growing demand for and supply of violent and degrading acts against women in mainstream pornographic videos.
We examined this accepted wisdom by utilizing a sample of 269 popular videos uploaded to PornHub over the past decade. More specifically, we tested two related claims, reflected in both the number of views and the rankings for videos containing
(1) aggressive content in videos is on the rise and
(2) viewers prefer such content,
Our results offer no support for these contentions. First, we did not find any consistent uptick in aggressive content over the past decade; in fact, the average video today contains shorter segments showing aggression. Second, videos containing
aggressive acts are both less likely to receive views and less likely to be ranked favorably by viewers, who prefer videos where women clearly perform pleasure.
Unlike many previous studies claiming to quantify aggressive behavior in porn, the McGill researchers defined several different categories of aggressive behavior in porn scenes. The researchers counted acts which simply appear intended to cause
harm, pain or discomfort, and created a separate category for video which depicted those acts as clearly non-consensual, as determined by verbal or visual cues.
Conversely, anti-porn groups that claim excessive violence in porn usually count such acts as playful slaps on the ass, a hand on the throat, and the use of such terms as bitch or slut, no matter in what context, as violent acts.
While they found that depictions of visible aggression fluctuate but show no steady upward or downward trend, with between 30 and 50 percent all videos uploaded each year depicting some visible aggression, the duration of aggressive scenes has
shown a sharp drop over the past decade.
In 2008, nearly 13% of the average video portrayed visible aggression, the researchers write. But in 2016, the average video contained aggressive content lasting only three percent of the total video running time.
Brits are being warned they could be breaking the law by bringing them to certain countries such as Thailand, Malaysia and the Maldives. The Sun look at the countries around the world where sex toys are banned
Pornography is a banned item in the Maldives -- and sex toys come under that bracket. The Daily Star reports that local man Musthafa Hussein was jailed for six months for possessing sex toys there.
Malaysia Don't pack your vibrator as it counts as an obscene object. The country's penal code states that the possession of any obscene objects whatsoever can be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with
fine, or with both.
Saudi Arabia is another country where sex toys aren't allowed. Sex toys come under the category of pornographic material, which is banned there. Even massagers which are present in an immoral way are banned by customs.
Dubai, one of the United Arab Emirates is a holiday favourite with Brits - but don't try taking any sex toys there.
Thailand is another country where you can get in trouble by trying to bring sex toys in. Sex toys count as obscene objects which are banned by the Thai authorities and are on the country's list of prohibited goods. But fear not there are
plenty examples of the banned products on sale in Thailand's street markets.
Massagers aren't banned in India - unless they have a phallic shape.
You will have sex toys confiscated if you try to bring them into Vietnam . However according to the General Department of Vietnam Customs: The objects will be kept and returned to the passengers when they exit Vietnam.
Paris councillors are due to decide on the future of a business where clients are charged 89 euro to spend an hour with a
silicon sex doll.
Communist councillors and feminist groups have been calling for the closure of Xdolls. Currently, Xdolls is registered as a games centre, but opponents argue it is effectively a brothel. (brothels are illegal in France)
Xdolls is located in an anonymous-looking flat in the French capital and opened last month near the Miromesnil Metro station.
Customers make their booking and payment online, and the exact address is kept secret. Not even the neighbours are aware of the nature of the business.
But its critics want to see it shut. Nicolas Bonnet Oulaldj, a communist councillor, is taking the matter before the Council of Paris. He claimed
Xdolls conveys a degrading image of the woman.
Lorraine Questiaux, lawyer and spokesperson for a Paris feminist association bizarrely claimed:
Xdolls is not a sex shop. It's a place that generates money and where you rape a woman.
Paris councillors have rejected a motion targeting a business where clients pay to spend an hour with a realistic silicone sex doll.
Communist councillors and feminist groups had called on the Council of Paris - the body responsible for governing the city - to study the possibilities of closing Xdolls. They claimed it was demeaning to women - and effectively a brothel.
But police visited the establishment before the council meeting and declared no laws were being broken.